quotes in essays mla

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Quotes in essays mla essay origins of the cold war

Quotes in essays mla

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This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.

This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed. When you directly quote the works of others in your paper, you will format quotations differently depending on their length. Below are some basic guidelines for incorporating quotations into your paper. Please note that all pages in MLA should be double-spaced. To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks.

Provide the author and specific page number in the case of verse, provide line numbers in the in-text citation, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation.

Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage, but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text. For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks.

Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay. Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration: They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow.

By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Earnshaw's door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information:.

These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry on the Works Cited page:. Burke, Kenneth. University of California Press, When a source has a corporate author, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation followed by the page number for the in-text citation. You should also use abbreviations e. When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name.

Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as an article or italicize it if it's a longer work e. In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title appears in the parenthetical citation, and the full title of the article appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry on the Works Cited page.

Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page. The Works Cited entry appears as follows:. Accessed 23 Mar. Parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages, used in conjunction, allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.

Page numbers are always required, but additional citation information can help literary scholars, who may have a different edition of a classic work, like Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto. In such cases, give the page number of your edition making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume vol.

When you cite a work that appears inside a larger source for instance, an article in a periodical or an essay in a collection , cite the author of the internal source i. For example, to cite Albert Einstein's article "A Brief Outline of the Theory of Relativity," which was published in Nature in , you might write something like this:.

See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation.

Best, David, and Sharon Marcus. JSTOR, doi Franck, Caroline, et al. If you cite more than one work by an author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, when appropriate, the page number s :.

If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number s. If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the title , as each version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underline , chapter, and verse.

Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited within another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source. Sources that take the form of a dialogue involving two or more participants have special guidelines for their quotation and citation.

Each line of dialogue should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. A period follows the name e. After the period, write the dialogue. Each successive line after the first should receive an additional indentation. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name indented only half an inch.

Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source. Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source. Pleadingly Give me a drink, Rocky.

Harry said it was all right. God, I need a drink. Avidly Thanks. He takes the bottle with both twitching hands and tilts it to his lips and gulps down the whiskey in big swallows. With more and more scholarly work published on the Internet, you may have to cite sources you found in digital environments. While many sources on the Internet should not be used for scholarly work reference the OWL's Evaluating Sources of Information resource , some Web sources are perfectly acceptable for research.

When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page. Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers.

However, these sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines:. Herzog, Werner, dir. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, Yates, Jane. In the first example an online magazine article , the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited. If the title of the article was not named in the sentence, an abbreviated version would appear in a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence.

Both corresponding Works Cited entries are as follows:.

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If you are quoting poetry , use block quote formatting for any quote longer than three lines. To format a block quote in MLA:. To create a correctly formatted block quote in Microsoft Word, follow these steps:. Do not put quotation marks around the quote, and make sure to include an MLA in-text citation after the period at the end.

I am writing a paper that is required to have a block quote from an academic paper in it. Within the quote are in-text citations from where the original paper paraphrased other articles. Do I leave those in and cite the additional sources in my works cited, or does my citation of the original article cover all of that?

I am citing in MLA Thanks! You can remove the in-text citations from the quote see this MLA blog for more information. Only sources that you accessed directly should be included in the Works Cited. Hope that helps! Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes.

Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. MLA style 8th edition requires block quote formatting for: Quotes of poetry longer than three lines Quotes of prose longer than four lines An MLA block quote is set on a new line, indented 0. If personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeous about him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life, as if he were related to one of those intricate machines that register earthquakes ten thousand miles away.

Fitzgerald 4. Receive feedback on language, structure and layout Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on: Academic style Vague sentences Grammar Style consistency See an example. That was a way she had. Fitzgerald I love a sunburnt country, ………………………………… Of ragged mountain ranges, Of droughts and flooding rains. How long is a block quote in MLA?

How are block quotes formatted in MLA? To format a block quote in MLA: Introduce the quote with a colon and set it on a new line. Indent the whole quote 0. Place the MLA in-text citation after the period at the end of the block quote. Then continue your text on a new line not indented. To create a correctly formatted block quote in Microsoft Word, follow these steps: Hit Enter at the beginning and end of the quote.

Highlight the quote and select the Layout menu. On the Indent tab, change the left indent to 0. Is this article helpful? She has worked as a freelance writer and editor since , and joined the Scribbr team as an editor in June She loves helping students and academics all over the world improve their writing and learning about their research while doing so!

If you follow my perfect paragraph formula , you know that most paragraphs should be about six sentences long, which comes out to about six or seven typed lines on paper. This leaves plenty of space for discussion in your own words. Children who grow up in poverty often end up being poor as adults. Therefore poverty in childhood needs to be addressed by the government.

Personally, I like to use a 4 word quote in my essays. Four word quotes are long enough to constitute an actual quote, but short enough that I have to think about how I will fit that quote around my own writing. This forces me to write quotations that both show:. Essay quotes that start sentences or end paragraphs make you appear passive.

If you use a quotation in an essay to start a sentence or end a paragraph, your teacher automatically thinks that your quote is replacing analysis, rather than supporting it. You should instead start the sentence that contains the quote with your own writing. This makes it appear that you have an active voice. These examples are poor examples of using quotes:.

Play is better than learning through repetition of drills or reading. Play is good for all children. Men were masculine and women were feminine. Butler came up with this new idea that gender is just something society has made up over time. Both these quotes are from essays that were shared with me by colleagues. My colleagues marked these students down for these quotes because the quotes:. Instead, the quotes were doing the talking for the students.

There are some easy strategies to use in order to make it appear that you are actively discussing and analysing quotes. According to Malaguzzi , p. Play is important for children to develop. Here, the sentence with the quote was amended so that the student has an active voice.

They start the sentence with: According to Malaguzzi, …. Similarly, in the second example we can also insert an active voice by ensuring that our quote sentence does not start with a quote:. Earlier on, I stated that one key reason to use quotes in essays is so that you can analyse them. Quotes should be there to be analysed, not to do the analysis. This student has included the facts, figures, citations and key details in the quote. Essentially, this student has been lazy.

They failed to paraphrase. Instead, this student could have selected the most striking phrase from the quote and kept it. Then, the rest should be paraphrased. Example: Paraphrasing Long Quotes Children who grow up in poverty often end up being poor as adults.

In their analysis, Mistry et al. For Mistry et al. Provide a brief quote in your essay, and then show you understand it with surrounding explanation and analysis. Nearly every referencing format requires you to include a page number in your citation. All of them require you to provide page numbers with quotes.

Including a page number in your quotation makes a huge difference when a marker is trying to determine how high your grade should be.