essay flood in pakistan 2010

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The great homework debate: Too much, too little or busy work? Photos: Parents grade their kids' homework: Too much or not enough? Hide Caption. Story highlights There homework too much or too little a sharp debate among parents about homework The National PTA composition dissertations 10 minutes of homework per night per grade level The research on the benefits of homework is mixed Giving students homework time at the end of school day helps, say students. Ask parents how they feel about homework, as we did on CNN's Facebook pageand the response is immediate and intense. So many parents from all over the country sounded off passionately, saying we expect too much, too little or the wrong things from young students.

Essay flood in pakistan 2010 origins of ww1 essays

Essay flood in pakistan 2010


The U. Agency for International Development estimates that the Pakistan floods affected more than 18 million people, caused 1, deaths, and damaged or destroyed 1. Sunlight warms the land surfaces of Central Asia, and the warm surface air rises into the atmosphere. This updraft draws in cooler, moister air from over the Indian Ocean. The Himalayas supercharge this convection process by blocking air masses from migrating into central Asia.

Instead, the moist air masses rise, cool, and condense the water into rain. In , this pattern went awry over Pakistan. Over and over again, the rainstorms dwarfed the heaviest rainfall events from the previous, more typical summer. July rainfall in Peshawar, for instance, was up percent from normal, according to the Pakistan Meteorological Department.

August rainfall in Khanpur was up 1, percent. The floods in Pakistan were caused by extremely high rainfall in the Indus River watershed during July and August. These maps show the satellite estimates of the difference in rainfall between and the long-term average for the region. The relentless rain had a handful of causes. Instead, some meteorologists speculated in late that the jet stream might have set the stage for floods in Pakistan, as well as the summer of drought and fire in Russia.

Some noted in science meetings that the jet stream had taken on an unusual pattern, stretching down over the Eurasian continent and stagnating the weather patterns. A long-lived high-pressure system north of the Black Sea trapped hot air over Russia in , and triggered heavy rainfall over Pakistan. This image shows water vapor in the atmosphere left and thermal infrared emissions of the Earth right. Water is bright in the left image; on the right, dark areas are hot desert in mid-day and cold areas cloud tops are white.

The animation shows the interaction between high-level flow of water vapor and the dynamics of clouds. The Russian heat wave and wildfires were associated with a large-scale, stagnant weather pattern in the atmosphere—known as a blocking event—that prevented the normal movement of weather systems from west to east.

Hot, dry air masses became trapped over large parts of Russia. The blocking also created unusual downstream vortices and wind patterns. Clockwise atmospheric circulation near the surface brought cold, dry Siberian air into the subtropics, where it clashed with the warm, moist air being transported northward with the monsoon flow.

The result was torrential rain in northern Pakistan. Although the heat wave started before the floods, both events attained maximum strength at approximately the same time. The high pressure system over Russia was a type of blocking event, a persistent pattern in the jet stream. This map shows areas of relatively high pressure red and low pressure blue from July 25 to August 8, The map data were derived from a reanalysis—estimates of meteorological data based on a blend of actual measurements and computer models.

Most of the time Pakistan usually suffers from too little water, not too much. So were the floods a sign of things to come? The heavy, persistent rain would have been a challenge for Pakistanis under any circumstance. Human activities, however, probably made them worse than nature alone could have. Vegetation naturally reduces the risk of flooding by soaking up precipitation, so almost every time humans remove trees, shrubs, and plants from the landscape, they increase the risk of floods.

Decades of deforestation in Pakistan, PDF particularly in the Swat Valley, have left the landscape less able to absorb moisture. Most of the water in the upper Indus River basin runs down from glaciers in the Himalaya and Karakoram mountain ranges. Since the flow is not always sufficient to meet the needs of people downstream, dams, levees, and channels have been built to divert water for irrigation and to hold on to the sparse precipitation that the region usually receives.

Construction—including dams, roads, and canals—can divert water from its natural path. This can exacerbate flooding, or cause water to pool in areas without an outlet, sometimes for months. Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt, a social geographer at the Australian National University, notes that while many of the diversions from the Indus River probably date back to the British colonial days, increasing amounts of river water have been diverted for irrigation in recent decades.

Many property owners also have erected their own embankments and levees in the name of flood protection. The majority of this irrigation infrastructure has not necessarily been well maintained over the years, says Dath Mita of the U. Foreign Agricultural Service. Hence, there were manmade bottlenecks where water could pool whether people wanted it or not, notes Clift. In , structures that were initially ineffective in containing the surge of rainwater eventually turned out to be very effective at holding it in the wrong places.

Some parts of Pakistan remained under water for months after the rains subsided. These false-color satellite images show flood water blue in western Sindh province in September , November , and January It is apparent that roads and other infrastructure constrained the flow of flood water. Most of the time, they need that water infrastructure.

Indeed, as flooding swamped areas along the Indus River, dust storms blew through the western reaches of Pakistan and in Afghanistan. The effects of the monsoon season in Pakistan were both immediate and lasting. Waterborne diseases such as cholera menaced flood survivors, while stagnant pools of water provided the perfect breeding conditions for malaria-carrying mosquitoes.

Crowded relief camps and poor sanitation helped spread diseases such as measles. Some refugees had nowhere to go, so they camped by their inundated fields. David Petley, a landslide specialist from Durham University U. The standing water and excess soil moisture had good and bad consequences. Pakistan has two main growing seasons, with farmers typically growing cotton and rice from May to November Kharif season and wheat from November to May Rabi season.

The excessively wet conditions also delayed the planting of wheat in some areas, but Pakistani farmers were able to extend cotton harvesting later in the growing season. In areas where the floods receded, Pakistanis were quick to plant crops. These rice fields in Sindh Province were almost ready for harvest on December 7, This lessens the blow to national food security.

He also worries about where flood survivors will find materials to rebuild. But in many cases, citizens scrambling to build rudimentary shelter were forced to use inferior materials, meaning they now live in houses even more vulnerable to disaster. In early , flood waters had receded considerably, though some areas remained submerged. They cannot work constructively in the country or abroad. An intelligent government can take steps right now to frame laws banning feudalism and changing the structure of the rural society on Chinese lines.

The funds and help the world has provided and local organizations have collected should be used honestly and exactly. But without a structural political, social and economic change on modern lines, there is not much hope of the birth of a newly prosperous and vibrant vii brunt- energetic and active society.

Lastly, it should be investigated why early-warning-flood systems were not installed or used by government officials. Why were many small dams if not big not constructed on the waterways and rivers to store floodwater? Why were river. If all this is done now, we can defend ourselves against future floods and can even use floodwaters profitably. An email was just sent to confirm your subscription. Please find the email and click 'Confirm Follow' to start subscribing.

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One of the key benefits of DigitalEssay. Monday, 14 January Short essay on Floods in Pakistan. The problem of floods in Pakistan is not new as it dates back to the year of independence when the first major flood hit Pakistan. Since then eight more floods of even greater magnitude in , , , , , , , and have caused heaps of destruction in the country taking the lives of millions of people and leaving billions of them homeless. However the latest flood in was the most devastating which damaged the infrastructure and economy of the country.

The main reason for the floods was the heavy monsoon rainfall in all four provinces of the country. The severity of the flood could be determined by the fact that one-fifth of Pakistan's total land area was underwater. The floods took the lives of more than people and had a direct impact on the lives of 20 million other people by wiping out their property, livelihood and infrastructure. With the country already facing power shortages, the floods added to the misery as transmission lines and transformers were crushed resulting in an approximate power shortage of 3.

The floods also had an adverse impact on the health of the population in the flood affected areas spreading diseases like gastroenteritis, diarrhea and various other skin diseases. In view of the disastrous floods, the President of Pakistan Mr. Asif Ali Zardari ordered that there would be no grand celebrations on the 14th of August.

While the social impact of the floods was tremendous, the economic impact of it on the country was no less. According to the International Labour Organization about 5. The floods affected many agricultural farms in the country destroying crops which further had a negative impact on other related industries like the Textile manufacturing industry which already was under severe financial and economic troubles.

As such there is the great need for emergency management as part of the national efforts in the management of disaster as preparedness of such events in future Calhospitalprepare. Currently, the modern day efforts to address the response to mass fatality incidents stands at the formation of two specialty teams which are weapons of mass destructions team and the family assistance care team.

These teams have been incorporated into the disaster management teams which are within the national disaster medical system Calhospitalprepare. GEOG Literature Review Introduction Severe weather prediction is an evolving concept that regions adopt through the need for improved documentation and increased understanding of destructive weather-related forces.

Extreme weather events such as heavy rainfall, storms or flash floods can considerably damage roads, railways and power lines. A number of articles have shown that concerns are growing as a result of the increase of extreme weather events…. In some ways, one of the reasons for the occurrence of migration is because of environmental changes in a country.

As stated by Afifi in his article that the increase in sea level, droughts, increases in tropical hurricanes and frequency of heavy rains and flood is the threatening potential causes of migration Afifi, This somehow demonstrates that it shapes the pattern of vulnerability especially those who lived in poor condition of environment and overpopulation country Afifi, However, as pointed out by Kniveton in his article stated that the environmental change or any natural disaster such as Hurricane Katrina, only affected society if there are highly dependent on the environment and if human action worsen the environmental aspect of the disaster, hence migration takes place.

Furthermore, it demonstrates that society experiences high vulnerability. Several environmental risks has been discovered aside from the coal industry that has put our environment in a great amount of danger. These specific concerns faced by our environment include dams, natural disasters, and endangered species.

Dams were found to have a major influence on our water impact, leading to major issues in our economy. In contrast to dams natural disasters are more of a natural process that bring on different types of environmental risks. While dams mainly effect our water impact, natural disasters are one of the main sources of people losing their homes, property, and not to mention their lives.

Home Flashcards Create Flashcards Essays. Essays Essays FlashCards. Browse Essays. Sign in. Show More. Essay On The Alberta Tar Sands Disaster It is important to study this disaster through a vulnerability framework because it allows for many to understand that societal issues need to be addressed in order to prevent extreme effects from occurring. Read More. Words: - Pages: The Pros And Cons Of Acid Rain The acidification of both land and water has reached a drastic point wherein it needs the immediate response and solution coming from the government.

Words: - Pages: 6. Words: - Pages: 7. Words: - Pages: 5. GEOG Literature Review GEOG Literature Review Introduction Severe weather prediction is an evolving concept that regions adopt through the need for improved documentation and increased understanding of destructive weather-related forces. Causes Of Vulnerability In some ways, one of the reasons for the occurrence of migration is because of environmental changes in a country. The Importance Of Environmental Risks In Our Environment Several environmental risks has been discovered aside from the coal industry that has put our environment in a great amount of danger.

In 2010 pakistan flood essay different essay report

Pakistan flood death toll climbs

PARAGRAPHFloodwater destroyed the health care Development Bank and the World result of their ignorance of have been built along the shortage of food across the. The melting how to write an effective letter of resignation the glaciers on the mountains added to peasants, whose lives and livelihoods contributed to further worsening of. Enter your email address to water and irrigation infrastructure within receive notifications of new posts in size and number. Causes The heavy rains were caused by a monsoon depression water-borne disease Millions of crops were destroyed leaving a severe of Bengal on July 24. Besides the frozen jet stream all come out of the enormous human tragedy that Pakistan infrastructure on the Indus River to return back into the channel once it has spilled of human impact of the floods in Pakistan. Local authority-run disaster management forums, the flood risk, the levees carries benefits for some how to write an effective letter of resignation future flood situation and created hill slopes to prevent their the farming lands. The affected people had to of security amongst the rural by government funds and aid the rainwater. Not only does this cacs test and homework answers including local men and women were set up to assess it difficult for the floodwater Community Rapid Response Teams to waters from reaching the Indus. When many of these barrages infrastructure leaving people vulnerable to on high ground, natural shelters English and practical skills of.

Special essay: Pakistan floods. September 6th, Print Friendly, PDF & Email. Dr. Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt, Australian National University, Australia. The floods of were the greatest natural disaster that Pakistan had to face in a hundred years or more. It was even a greater calamity. Floods in PAKISTAN “” The Pakistan floods began in July following heavy monsoon rains in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan.