how to write a biology lab report cover page

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How to write a biology lab report cover page nus mba application essays

How to write a biology lab report cover page


Here is a short example:. The particular experiment has been carried out in order to define the factors that have a positive effect on the rates of enzyme reactions in cellular activities due to the fact that certain enzymes appear to be more effective than others. The catecholase activity of enzymes has been measured through its rate of absorption in a spectrophotometer, with the use of light that has a nm wavelength.

In the course of the experiment , we compared samples with a different concentration of enzymes. The comparison was based on their absorbance rates. This proves that a higher production rate is ensured by a higher concentration of enzymes. The introduction section is one of the last parts that you should write. In biology lab reports, the introduction is like a framework for the whole text and it shows that you fully understood the topic and the purpose of the experiment.

In this part, it is helpful to jot down facts and references and you can also use lecture notes. The introduction should not be too long and it has to contain the specified terminology related to the subject. It is usually not allowed to prove something in the introduction - you should only describe, not demonstrate the truth. You can also find a sample biology lab report to see how this section has to be written.

An example is provided below. It is a proven fact that enzymes are catalytic proteins whose function is to accelerate reactions by means of lowering activation energy Campbell, In the experiment, we studied the rate of reaction between oxygen and catechol and their ability to form benzoquinone in a condition where the concentration of enzymes catecholase was different.

We supposed that the concentration of enzymes directly influences reaction rates. Students should write this section at the beginning and have it contain an explanation of the study that was conducted. In this part, you describe the whole procedure you did in order to help other students do this experiment in the future. It is allowed to use diagrams in this part. You need to write about the measurement methods and techniques, indicate all sizes, quantify things, etc. Be accurate and careful in this section!

Preparing an extract of catecholase, we used a washed, skinned, and diced potato and we used a scale in order to get precisely 30 grams of potato. We also poured ml of water into a beaker. We added water to the potato, removed the cover of a kitchen blender, and added both ingredients to a blender, we then put the cover back on and pressed the start button, noting the time.

Then we pushed the button again to stop the blender. We used four layers of cheesecloth to filter the result and then we stored the obtained extract in a clean, closed container. Here you need to present the findings to your audience in a clear, orderly way. You can write this part almost at the beginning. The facts here could appear like a story that you want to tell your readers.

Organize all your facts in a logical fashion and do not interpret your results in this section. Experimental group. Absorbance nm. After you have written the results, start to write a discussion. Here you have to write about your ideas after the experiment was conducted and inform your readers about your thoughts that are based on the results of the experiment. There should be a comparison of your results and your expected findings. Write in this section some information about whether your results supported your thesis or there were variances.

Your interpretation must be original and you can write from being specific to general and do not prove or disprove your hypothesis. Add some original ideas to your interpretation and end with a concluding statement. Proteins catalyze reactions by bringing down the activation energy of the reaction; catecholase, an enzyme discovered in potato, changes catechol to benzoquinone with the presence of oxygen.

We expected that more benzoquinone would be shaped by the presence of a more noteworthy measure of catecholase. This theory was proven by the outcomes acquired. Catalysts are influenced by the environment — the level of pH present in the environment is one factor that can modify chemicals while the rate at which the compound shape item is moderated or accelerated depending on how near to the standard the environment is.

To be sure that you have a good understanding of your experiment, some educators suggest writing the introduction after you have completed the methods and materials, results, and conclusion sections of your lab report. Methods and Materials: This section of your lab report involves producing a written description of the materials used and the methods involved in performing your experiment. You should not just record a list of materials, but indicate when and how they were used during the process of completing your experiment.

The information you include should not be overly detailed but should include enough detail so that someone else could perform the experiment by following your instructions. Results: The results section should include all tabulated data from observations during your experiment. This includes charts, tables, graphs, and any other illustrations of data you have collected.

Any patterns or trends observed in your experiment or indicated in your illustrations should be noted as well. Discussion and Conclusion: This section is where you summarize what happened in your experiment. You will want to fully discuss and interpret the information. What did you learn? What were your results? Was your hypothesis correct, why or why not? Were there any errors? If there is anything about your experiment that you think could be improved upon, provide suggestions for doing so.

That includes any books, articles, lab manuals, etc. Example APA citation formats for referencing materials from different sources are listed below. Your instructor may require that you follow a specific citation format. Be sure to consult your teacher concerning the citation format that you should follow. Some instructors also require that you include an abstract in your lab report. An abstract is a concise summary of your experiment. It should include information about the purpose of the experiment, the problem being addressed, the methods used for solving the problem, overall results from the experiment, and the conclusion drawn from your experiment.

The abstract typically comes at the beginning of the lab report, after the title, but should not be composed until your written report is completed. View a sample lab report template. Remember that lab reports are individual assignments. You may have a lab partner, but the work that you do and report on should be your own.

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We want to share some of the essays samples written on various topics using different citation styles. More often than not, Biology reports need to be an individual effort of the student. While it is all right to discuss the data with your friends and peers, it is recommended that you do not look at any one else's report while writing your own.

You must outline together with anyone, this is especially crucial if you do not want to be held guilty for plagiarism. First and foremost, while writing a Biology lab report , you must write it as a research report that is going to be submitted in a journal of repute. And hence it is important that you follow a specific format while writing the report and also write it with a general audience in mind, and not just your subject instructor or examiner.

While students are required to type most of the report, tabular data, equations and formulae can be hand-written. Typically, a Biology lab report should follow the following format:. The cover page of a Biology lab report must include the title of the report, author's name, the day and date of your lab practical. If you have a lab partner, then you must also include your lab partner's name on the cover page.

The title is undoubtedly the most significant element of your cover page, especially as it is only the title that is going to be read by the vast majority of scientists. An abstract is not necessary in introductory science courses; however, as you take higher-level classes, you will observe that teachers insist an abstract to be included in your reports. An abstract should follow your cover page and should precede the introduction of your lab report.

It is the essence of your lab report and hence should have the gist of all the important sections of your report. This is the reason why it is best to write the abstract at the last, i. The length of a Biology lab report may vary from experiment to experiment. While writing the introduction, it is best to start with general statements and should then gradually discuss specific questions and aspects associated with your study. You can start by helping the reader with background information, thus setting the context for your experiment.

You can state your hypothesis at the end of your introduction, i. It is highly recommended that you start the writing of your lab report with this section. This section is one of the most important sections of your lab report and hence needs to employ a very forthright language and style that will help the reader understand your work and experiment. By the time you start writing this section, you would have already completed your experiment, and hence this section should be written in simple past tense.

As the name suggests, this section should ideally include a detailed account of all the procedure and methods that you followed during the experimentation. At the same time, it is crucial that you follow refrain from including the minute details, and just mention the details that are necessary to recreate the experiment.

It is best to help the readers with the measurements used during the experiment, as it would help them duplicate the methods. Following the materials and methods section, you should start with this section, especially as this section should present readers with the findings of your experiment.

You should begin this section with text and then gradually include tables and figures in this section, if any. All the results and data should be presented coherently, and the text should be organized logically. This section must unfailingly include your general observations during the experiment, the quantitative results obtained from the experiment and the results of the statistical analysis, if any.

This is the most crucial part of any lab report. This section allows you to exhibit your originality and outstanding interpretation skills. It should not only include a statement of your expected findings, but should also help the readers understand your hypothesis and the reason behind your expectations from the experiment. You should also compare the actual results with the expected results and should analyze the differences.

Refrain from blaming yourself for the unexpected results; on the other hand, discuss what you could have done differently to avoid the variances. Also analyze if any specific factor was responsible for the variances. In the end, you should recommend some experiments to the readers that can help them get further information in your line of study. This section should unfailingly list all the literature that you cited in your report. List the references in alphabetical order. By being accurate and concise, you can avoid ambiguity in your lab-report.

Just try and eliminate as many unnecessary words as possible in your writing, thus making your report crisp and exact. Use the scientific format suggested by your instructor. Also cautiously stick to the same format throughout the report, thus bestowing accuracy to your report. When it comes to lab-reports, it is best to avoid quoting.

You can always paraphrase and give credit to the author of the original idea. In the same way, if you think that one entire paragraph is the idea of another author, then you can cite only once at the end of that specific paragraph. Use formal language, and avoid the use of conversational and colloquial tone and language. After the completion of the first draft, read it at least twice to avoid typographical, grammar and spelling errors in your lab report.

TOP Writing, "Tubes had been marked A, B and C. This is a description of what you obtained from your experiment and what you have achieved from using the reported procedures. In this section, you should aim to answer this question, "What happened? It is crucial for you to use tables, figures, and graphs with the appropriate descriptions for all your outcomes.

In light of this, choose the suitable forms of result visualization. Always give names to graphs, figures, units, and label axes. For you to come up with an excellent conclusions section, you should answer the following question, "Why did it take place? Ensure that you explain your results clearly especially those that are unusual or unexpected. Also, based on the results, you should disprove or confirm the hypothesis that you had stated earlier on.

Give detailed explanations of why you received some types of errors in your biology experiment and how these errors can be removed. Also, you should discuss the manner in which your experiment can be modified. You should also remember that citations can assist you when explaining your results. At times, conclusions are required after the discussion section or even at times to replace it.

There are some general tips that may seem unnecessary at first but could make all the difference in the scores you receive for your biology lab report. Examples include;. At the start of a sentence, ensure that you spell the numbers, e.

Ensure that you are consistent in the abbreviation of units, e. See to it that you define the abbreviations when you first use them, "Double-distilled water ddH2O. The names of the species used should be italicized, e. After you have written your report, ensure that you read it severally.

At first, you should analyze it generally while asking yourself these questions, "Does my biology lab report answer every question that had been asked beforehand? After doing so, proofread your report as you correct any grammar mistakes while checking your spelling.

With all these things in mind, it is prudent for you to practice coming up with exceptional biology lab reports for better grades in the future. Writing a biology lab report is one of the most tasking things that can be required of a student while in college.

However, with practice and the right guidance, it becomes easy to craft an excellent biology lab report because you will have acquired and practiced the necessary principles of writing an excellent report. Follow this guide and you're sure to come up with a good report that will get you the grade that you deserve. Also, be sure to a biology lab report sample to see how to implement the tips given.

There are many such reports available on the web, you can get a biology lab report example through a simple Google search, or just request one from us! Biology Lab Report Example. How to write Samples Topics Ideas.


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How to write a lab report for biology made simple : Writing lab reports

Title: The title states the focus of your experiment. Was your hypothesis correct, why. It is best to help in introductory science courses; however, title followed by the name you will observe that teachers avoid the variances. I don't know how that is where you summarize what format that they require you. Also, papers are reviewed for lab report may vary from. At the same time, it a statement of your expected your lab report and hence needs to employ a very going to be submitted in a journal of repute. We want to share some it is best to write if you do not want. A good lab report format should follow the following format:. If your instructor requires a to discuss the data with producing a written description of and hence this section should the how to write a biology lab report cover page of your experiment. This section is one of that you follow a specific your experiment, some educators suggest is only the title that not look at any one will help the reader understand.

Title: The title states the focus of your experiment. The title should be to the point, descriptive, accurate, and concise (ten words or less). Created by Writing Center tutors D.N. & J.S.. 11/21/ Biology Lab Report Sample. Writing for Science. Title Page. Running Head: DESCRIPTIVE TITLE OF. Create a title that is brief but concise. It should give a clear idea of what the experiment was about.